History of Kampong Java Road
Kampong Java Road derived its name from the high population of Javanese living in the area and extending up to Arab Street in the nearby Rochor district but concentration at Kampong Java or Java Village. This ethnic group produces good gardeners who sold their produce along the Arab Street.
Kampong Java Road is in the Kampong Java region, which is a subzone under the Kallang planning area of Singapore, according to the Urban Redevelopment Authority. The Road links Bukit Timah Road to one of Newton’s planning areas, Newton Circus.
The road is bounded by various roads, including Balestier Road, Central Expressway, Bukit Timah Road in the north, west, and south, respectively. Tekka Lane, Northumberland Road, Gloucester Road, Race Course Road, and Tessensohn Road bound Kampong Java Road in the east.
Today, residential units line Kampong Java Road. One of the estates adjacent to the road is The Kampong Silat Housing estate. The estate was built between 1948 and 1952 and consists of shophouses and apartments with unique curved roofs protecting the buildings from bad weather. The Singapore Improvement Trust (SIT) came up with the design after it was tasked by the government to improve the infrastructure.
The site where the park is located used to be a Christian Cemeterywell known as Brtish or European Cemetery. The cemetery had been relocated from Fort Canning in 1865. It was used until 1908 when it was relocated again and joined with Bidadari Cemetry. In 1973, the old cemetery site was changed to become the current Kampong Java Park.
When the park opened in 1973, it became a prominent landscaped park created by the Public Works Department (PWD). The footpath was made of steel poles, ornamental lighting, and plastic covers, which made the park the first one to be installed with such amenity in Singapore.
At the beginning of the 1900s, a section of the park was designated for the construction of Kandang Kerbau (KK) Women’s and Children’s Hospital. Later in 1999, KK adopted a part of Kampong Java Park through the adopt-a-park scheme. The section was to be used in rehabilitating patients by using the lush greenery of the park to help in the healing process.
KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital is a landmark that stands out at Kampong Java Road. The hospital is situated at the junction of Kampong Java Road and Bukit Timah Road. The original hospital was established in 1924 across the road. But the current hospital building was constructed in 1997.